The decanting of acid mine water in the Gauteng city-region:Analysis, prognosis and solutions

Show simple item record McCarthy, Terence 2015-03-25T14:36:47Z 2015-03-25T14:36:47Z 2015-03-25
dc.identifier.isbn 978-0-620-48649-1
dc.description September 2010 en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The large void beneath the Witwatersrand created by gold mining over the last 120 years is filling with water, which is rising at about 15m per month. The void will fill and water will begin to leak out (decant) on surface in about three years from now. It is likely that multiple decant points will develop in municipal areas across the Witwatersrand from Roodepoort to Boksburg. experience on the West Rand has shown that the quality of the water is likely to be poor and toxic. The prime risk area where decant points are likely to develop is in a zone about 500m wide straddling Main Reef Road and the M2 motorway, plus a secondary zone some two kilometres to the south. deep basements of buildings and other sub-surface infrastructure in the risk zones could experience flooding and the underground facility at Gold Reef City, a national treasure, will be lost. The problem can be solved by establishing pump stations at shallow depth in the mining belt to keep the water at a safe depth below surface. a depth of 300m is recommended in order to protect the Gold Reef City facility. The technological capability to do this is readily available, and the necessary water treatment processes are well established. although initially expensive, the pumping operation may ultimately generate a profit. Moreover, the cost of not pumping may ultimately vastly exceed the cost of timely intervention. establishing the necessary pumping and water treatment infrastructure will take considerable time, and therefore immediate action is required. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship written for GCRO by Prof Terence McCarthy School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.relation.ispartofseries Provocations;1
dc.subject decanting acid mine water, Gauteng city-region en_ZA
dc.subject decanting of acid mine water, Gauteng city-region en_ZA
dc.title The decanting of acid mine water in the Gauteng city-region:Analysis, prognosis and solutions en_ZA
dc.type Other en_ZA

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