An early instance of upper palaeolithic personal ornamentation from China: The freshwater shell bead from Shuidonggou 2.

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dc.contributor.author Wei, Y.
dc.contributor.author D'Errico, F.
dc.contributor.author Vanhaeren, M.
dc.contributor.author Li, F.
dc.contributor.author Gao, X.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-10T14:11:30Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-10T14:11:30Z
dc.date.issued 2016-05
dc.identifier.citation Wei, Y. et al. 2016. An early instance of upper palaeolithic personal ornamentation from China: The freshwater shell bead from Shuidonggou 2. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155847. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/21441
dc.description.abstract We report the discovery and present a detailed analysis of a freshwater bivalve from Shuidonggou Locality 2, layer CL3. This layer is located c. 40 cm below layer CL2, which has yielded numerous ostrich eggshell beads. The shell is identified as the valve of a Corbicula fluminea. Data on the occurrence of this species in the Shuidonggou region during Marine Isotope Stage 3 and taphonomic analysis, conducted in the framework of this study, of a modern biocoenosis and thanatocoenosis suggest that the archeological specimen was collected at one of the numerous fossil or sub-fossil outcrops where valves of this species were available at the time of occupation of level CL3. Experimental grinding and microscopic analysis of modern shells of the same species indicate that the Shuidonggou shell was most probably ground on coarse sandstone to open a hole on its umbo, attach a thread, and use the valve as a personal ornament. Experimental engraving of freshwater shells and microscopic analysis identify an incision crossing the archaeological valve outer surface as possible deliberate engraving. Reappraisal of the site chronology in the light of available radiocarbon evidence suggests an age of at least 34-33 cal kyr BP for layer CL3. Such estimate makes the C. fluminea recovered from CL3 one of the earliest instances of personal ornamentation and the earliest example of a shell bead from China. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by the Sino-French collaborative Programme Cai Yuanpei, the Chinese Ministry of National Education, the Chinese Higher Education and Research Council (MENESR), the China Scholarship Council (CSC), and the Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KZZD-EW-15). en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016 Wei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.subject Shell beads en_ZA
dc.subject Paleolithic period en_ZA
dc.subject Fresh water en_ZA
dc.subject Isotopes - Analysis en_ZA
dc.subject Taphonomy en_ZA
dc.subject China en_ZA
dc.title An early instance of upper palaeolithic personal ornamentation from China: The freshwater shell bead from Shuidonggou 2. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 11 en_ZA
dc.journal.title PLoS ONE en_ZA
dc.description.librarian SP2016 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0155847 en_ZA
dc.citation.issue 5 en_ZA


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