A hominin first rib discovered at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa.

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dc.contributor.author Tawane, G.
dc.contributor.author Garcia-Martinez, D.
dc.contributor.author Eyre, J.
dc.contributor.author Bastir, M.
dc.contributor.author Berger, L.R.
dc.contributor.author Schmid, P.
dc.contributor.author Nalla, S.
dc.contributor.author Williams, S.A.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-16T13:11:19Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-16T13:11:19Z
dc.date.issued 2016-05
dc.identifier.citation Tawane,G. et al. 2016.A hominin first rib discovered at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa.South African Journal of Science 112 (5-6): Article number 112. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 0038-2353
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/21448
dc.description.abstract First ribs - the first or most superior ribs in the thorax - are rare in the hominin fossil record, and when found, have the potential to provide information regarding the upper thorax shape of extinct hominins. Here, we describe a partial first rib from Member 4 of the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa. The rib shaft is broken away, so only the head and neck are preserved. The rib is small, falling closest to small-bodied Australopithecus first ribs (AL 288-1 and MH1). Given that it was recovered near the StW 318 femur excavation, which also represents a small individual, we suggest that the two may be associated. Three-dimensional geometric morphometric analyses were used to quantify the rib fragment morphology and compare it to extant hominoid and other fossil hominin ribs. While only the proximal end is preserved, our analyses show that South African Australopithecus share derived features of the proximal first rib more closely resembling A. afarensis and later hominins than great apes. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) en_ZA
dc.rights © 2016. The Author(s). Published under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence. en_ZA
dc.subject Australopithecus africanus en_ZA
dc.subject Gauteng Province en_ZA
dc.subject Geometric morphometrics en_ZA
dc.subject Rib cage en_ZA
dc.subject Upper thorax en_ZA
dc.title A hominin first rib discovered at the Sterkfontein Caves, South Africa. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 112 en_ZA
dc.journal.title South African Journal of Science en_ZA
dc.description.librarian NCS2016. en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.17159/sajs.2016/20150278 en_ZA
dc.citation.issue 5/6 en_ZA

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