Diel-scale temporal dynamics recorded for bacterial groups in Namib Desert soil

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dc.contributor.author Gunnigle, E.
dc.contributor.author Frossard, A.
dc.contributor.author Guerrero, L.
dc.contributor.author Seely, M.
dc.contributor.author Cowan, D.A.
dc.contributor.author Ramond, J.-B.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-09T10:55:22Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-09T10:55:22Z
dc.date.issued 2017-01
dc.identifier.citation Gunnigle, E. et al. 2017. Diel-scale temporal dynamics recorded for bacterial groups in Namib Desert soil. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 7, Article number 40189. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322 (Online)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/23241
dc.description.abstract Microbes in hot desert soil partake in core ecosystem processes e.g., biogeochemical cycling of carbon. Nevertheless, there is still a fundamental lack of insights regarding short-term (i.e., over a 24-hour [diel] cycle) microbial responses to highly fluctuating microenvironmental parameters like temperature and humidity. To address this, we employed T-RFLP fingerprinting and 454 pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA-derived cDNA to characterize potentially active bacteria in Namib Desert soil over multiple diel cycles. Strikingly, we found that significant shifts in active bacterial groups could occur over a single 24-hour period. For instance, members of the predominant Actinobacteria phyla exhibited a significant reduction in relative activity from morning to night, whereas many Proteobacterial groups displayed an opposite trend. Contrary to our leading hypothesis, environmental parameters could only account for 10.5% of the recorded total variation. Potential biotic associations shown through co-occurrence networks indicated that non-random inter- and intra-phyla associations were 'time-of-day-dependent' which may constitute a key feature of this system. Notably, many cyanobacterial groups were positioned outside and/or between highly interconnected bacterial associations (modules); possibly acting as inter-module 'hubs' orchestrating interactions between important functional consortia. Overall, these results provide empirical evidence that bacterial communities in hot desert soils exhibit complex and diel-dependent inter-community associations. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017. The Author(s) . This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. en_ZA
dc.subject Microbes en_ZA
dc.subject biogeochemical cycling en_ZA
dc.subject microenvironmental parameters en_ZA
dc.subject Namib Desert en_ZA
dc.subject Actinobacteria phyla en_ZA
dc.title Diel-scale temporal dynamics recorded for bacterial groups in Namib Desert soil en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 7 en_ZA
dc.journal.title SCIENTIFIC REPORTS en_ZA
dc.description.librarian EM2017 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi DOI: 10.1038/srep40189 en_ZA

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