A new probabilistic problem-solving paradigm: A conceptual critical reflection.

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dc.contributor.author Callaghan, CW
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-16T13:20:38Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-16T13:20:38Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Callaghan, C. W. (2014). A New Probabilistic Problem-Solving Paradigm: A Conceptual Critical Reflection. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(23), 2070-2079 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2039-2117
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10539/24977
dc.description.abstract For Coase, organisations exist because they manage resources more efficiently than markets can. In contrast, for Grant, organisations exist because they are more efficient at integrating knowledge. Therefore, according to Grant, certain types of knowledge, such as tacit knowledge, cannot be transferred efficiently; problem solving therefore needs to be devolved to the level of the individual. Similarly, the work of Hayek and von Hippel suggests that knowledge is ‘sticky’ and cannot easily be transferred. In this paper the argument is made that a second generation of problem solving research and development management systems need to be developed; as a global system of distributed problem solving, in order to be able to deal with specific types of problems, termed ‘catastrophic events’, that may arise. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.rights Copyright © MCSER-Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research en_ZA
dc.subject Crowdsourcing en_ZA
dc.subject Medical Research en_ZA
dc.subject Second generation innovation en_ZA
dc.subject R & D en_ZA
dc.title A new probabilistic problem-solving paradigm: A conceptual critical reflection. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume Vol 5 en_ZA
dc.journal.title Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences en_ZA
dc.description.librarian KIM2018 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6554-8363
dc.citation.epage 2079 en_ZA
dc.citation.issue 23 en_ZA
dc.citation.spage 2070 en_ZA
dc.orcid.id http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6554-8363 en_ZA


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