A fossil chrysochlorid skull in the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History: Robert Broom’s missing specimen unearthed?

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dc.contributor.author Mason, Matthew J.
dc.contributor.author Bennett, Nigel C.
dc.contributor.author Pickford, Martin
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-17T14:29:43Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-17T14:29:43Z
dc.date.issued 2019-04
dc.identifier.issn 2410-4418
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10539/26819
dc.description.abstract An unlabelled, fossilized skull of a golden mole from the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, Pretoria, was examined through micro-computed tomography. Reconstructions show that the species in question has alveoli for nine teeth in each upper jaw, although only six teeth in total remain. The skull resembles those of the extant chrysochlorids Amblysomus and Calcochloris, which also have nine teeth, but in most respects it is closer to Amblysomus. The ear region, examined in detail, also proved to be very similar to that of Amblysomus. Damage to the teeth and palate are consistent with the brief descriptions of a fossil golden mole skull first mentioned by Robert Broom in 1948. This specimen, dating from the Plio-Pleistocene and provisionally identified as Proamblysomus antiquus, subsequently went missing. We argue that the skull described here is Broom’s lost specimen, but whether this fossil species really deserves generic distinction from extant groups remains unclear. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Sorbonne Université –CR2P,MNHN,CNRS,UPMC–Paris VI National Research Foundation en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Evolutionary Studies Institute en_ZA
dc.rights Copyright 2019 the Authors en_ZA
dc.subject golden mole en_ZA
dc.subject chrysochloridae en_ZA
dc.subject Afrotheria en_ZA
dc.subject Proamblysomus en_ZA
dc.subject inner ear en_ZA
dc.subject malleus en_ZA
dc.title A fossil chrysochlorid skull in the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History: Robert Broom’s missing specimen unearthed? en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.title Palaeontologia africana en_ZA
dc.description.librarian JNC2019 en_ZA
dc.funder Palaeontological Scientific Trust (PAST) en_ZA
dc.orcid.id 0000-0001-7845-0720 en_ZA


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