The African M&E Hub
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The Centre for Learning on Evaluation and Results in Anglophone Africa (CLEAR-AA) is one of the six regional centers housed in academic institutions across the globe. We work to improve the way in which monitoring and evaluation is done in the Anglophone Africa region. We help clients and governments build capacity at national, regional, and local levels to measure development progress and outcomes, strengthen evidence-based policy-making, and increase government accountability and transparency.
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- ItemAfrican Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: Exploratory Case Studies(CLEAR-AA, 2012-09) Porter, Stephen; Djidjoho, Aristide N.; Houinsa, David G; Amoatey, Charles; Machuka, Samson; Okumu, Boscow W.; Muteti, Francis; Simwa, Vivienne C.A; Himbara, David; Momar, A. Ndiaye; Boubacar, A.W; Latib, Salim; Goldman, Ian; Byamugisha, Albert; Asingwire, NarathiusThis publication is comprised of six monitoring and evaluation (M&E) case studies from Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. Together these case studies formed the basis of discussion at an African M&E Systems Workshop held in March 2012, in Pretoria, South Africa. While the individual case studies detail learning from specific African country contexts, the accompanying synthesis paper entitled The Growing Demand for Monitoring and Evaluation in Africa captures some of the broader trends and issues that are emerging across the cases. So why African M&E case studies? Although prior studies do exist, the African governance terrain is changing rapidly; governments are responding to increased demand for results and accountability from citizens, and M&E systems are evolving to generate information that can be used by civil society, the executive, and the legislature. As a pan-African community of practitioners, substantive case studies are needed to provide an evidence base for learning from each other’s experience. The case study exercise itself grew out of cooperation at Ministerial level between Burundi and South Africa. Minister Chabane subsequently tasked the Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME) in the South African Presidency, to undertake a learning event on M&E systems across a range of African countries. In partnership with the Centre for Learning on Evaluation and Results (CLEAR) housed at the Graduate School of Public and Development Management at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, the DPME hosted a conference to which four senior officials from each of the six participating countries were invited. Using open dialogue techniques, delegates were able to reflect on the case studies, analyse M&E within their own country in terms of what was working well, and identify potential areas for learning and improvement. The event concluded with a call for further exchange opportunities, and a deepening and widening of cross-country learning. The case studies should not be read as definitive diagnostics on the state of M&E in the countries concerned, but rather as first steps in building an evidence-based approach to M&E across the continent. More importantly, they represent a commitment from government practitioners to reflect and learn from the practice of M&E, and establish local solutions to M&E challenges confronting African countries
- ItemAfrican Monitoring and Evaluation Systems Workshop Report(CLEAR-AA, 2012-09) CLEAR-AADPME In partnership with the CLEAR Center for Anglophone Africa hosted the workshop to which four senior officials from each of the six participating countries were invited. Using open dialogue techniques, delegates delegates able to reflect on the African Monitoring and Evaluation Systems case studies, analyse M&E within their own country in terms of what was working well, and identify potential areas for learning and improvement. The workshop was attended by senior monitoring and evaluation officials from seven African case countries, as well as by experts from Colombia, Malaysia, theWorld Bank, the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Evaluation Association (AfrEA) and the German Development Cooperation (GIZ). The workshop was facilitated by professional process consultants (Indigenous Peoples Knowledge).
- ItemStudy on the demand for and supply of Evaluation Ethopia(2013) Dr. Getnet Alemu, Alemu; Salim, LatibThis study investigates the conditions under which demand for evaluation is generated, the latent and potential demand for evaluation, the range and capacity of entities supplying evaluation services, and the areas in which supply can be strengthened to meet and foster this demand. This study has shown that there are currently active, latent and potential demands for evaluation in Ethiopia. The latent and potential demands are nested within the demands for evidence from principals and government agents in Ethiopia. The demand for evaluation is not driven, as often assumed, by Development Partners (DPs), but by the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) policy matrix which serves as Ethiopia’s evaluation policy framework.
- ItemStudy on the demand for and supply of Evaluation Ghana(CLEAR-AA, 2013) Prof. Samuel, Adams; Dr. Charles, Amoatey; Joe, Taabazuing; Osvaldo, FeinsteinThere is growing recognition of the critical role of evaluations to generate relevant information to guide the decisions and actions of policy makers and project managers. Yet, there is poor understanding of the demand and supply of evaluations in many African countries. This study seeks to bridge this knowledge gap by generating deeper insights on the demand and supply of evaluations in Ghana, as one of the five country cases conducted by the regional Centre for Learning on Evaluation and Results for Anglophone Africa (CLEAR AA). Ghana was selected based on an assessment as having a high potential to develop evaluation capacity.
- ItemStudy on the demand for and supply of Evaluation Zambia(2013) Mr. Osward, Mulenga; Mr Stephen, PorterThis report seeks to present in relation to evaluation in Zambia: (i) the conditions under which demand is generated for evidence; and (ii) the areas in which supply can be strengthened to meet and foster this demand. This report shows that there is currently active, latent and potential evaluation demand and supply in Zambia. It is argued that in Zambia each entry-point for evaluation is partial and is mediated by aligned interest groups rather than a neutral role-player seeking to expand evidence-based practice. This demand is set within a context where there is a high degree of political competition between political parties and various interest groups. In the political economy, loyalties to informal networks of power are in many cases more important than performance.
- ItemDemand for and supply of evaluations in selected Sub-Saharan African Countries(CLEAR-AA, 2013) Stephen, Porter; Osvaldo, FeinsteinThis study argues that the political economy of a country conditions the opportunities for evaluation to be used in policy processes. Consequently, evaluation capacity development practices need to be undertaken in a manner that works towards development with the prevailing political economy. Political economy issues become less evident as analysis moves from the policy space towards technical delivery, but still impacts upon the way evaluation processes unfold. This argument has been developed through synthesising findings from the case studies in five African countries; namely, Ghana, Ethiopia, Malawi, Rwanda and Zambia. These studies mapped evaluation demand and supply with consideration for the political economy. In undertaking the mapping, this study found that there is potential rather than actual technical capacity to manage, undertake and demand evaluations. This is a major constraint on the use of evaluation. High-quality evaluations are more often commissioned and managed by development partners than government, which means that they are less likely to be used in policy. There are, however, some notable examples development partner led evaluations being used. In some cases universities, think tanks and civil society actors in the country have some good technical capacity and can navigate the political context in a manner that promotes development rather than self-interest. Such technically good and politically savvy evaluation actors offer entry points to evaluation capacity development efforts.
- ItemStudy on the demand for and supply of Evaluation Malawi(CLEAR-AA, 2013) Dr. Hannock, KumwendaThis report provides a review of two dimensions of evaluation practice in Malawi: (i) the conditions under which demand for evidence is generated; and (ii) the areas in which supply can be strengthened to meet and foster this demand. The review serves to highlight the prevalence of active, latent and potential demands for evaluation. The latent and potential demands are nested within requests for evidence from principals and government agents. This demand is not necessarily only conditioned by development partners, but results endogenously from government, based on articulated development objectives. Supply could in the short-term be strengthened through work with the main research centres of the Universities of Malawi (Centre for Social Research, Economics Department) and Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
- ItemStudy on the demand for and supply of Evaluation Rwanda(CLEAR-AA, 2013) Mr. Charles, Gasana; Stephen, PorterThis research explores (i) the conditions under which demand is generated for evidence; and (ii) the areas in which supply can be strengthened in relation to evaluation in Rwanda. The research shows that there are currently active, latent and potential demands for evaluation. The latent and potential demands are nested within the requests for evidence from principals and government agents in Rwanda (for example, supporting a research symposium with Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL)). This demand is not conditioned by development partners, but is driven from the government based on their development objectives. Supply could in the short-term be strengthened through work with the Institute for Policy Analysis and Research (IPAR) and the National University.
- ItemEvaluation Impact Investing in Africa Course (2016)(CLEAR-AA, 2016) Mr Jackson, T. Edward; Harji, KarimThis is the syllabus for an executive course on evaluating impact investing in Africa. It is designed for professionals in finance and investment, business management and acceleration, social enterprise, social innovation, development, philanthropy, public policy, university research and program evaluation. The impact investing field is defined as the range of products, services and actors that intentionally seek a social or environmental impact as well as a financial return in the deployment of capital.
- Item2016 Annual Report(CLEAR-AA, 2016) 2016 Annual Report2016 Annual Report
- ItemLocal Politics of Xenophobia(JAAS, 2016) Ms Blaser Mapitsa, CaitlinDrawing on research from five peri-urban sites across South Africa on how local government is responding to mobility, this research explores how xenophobia is being produced by local governance processes and structures. Building a better understanding of the mechanisms of exclusion in local government is essential not only for planning interventions that may strengthen democracy, but to understand how the daily practices of local government can promote, or undermine democracy.
- ItemA meta-analysis of South African education interventions(CLEAR-AA, 2017) CLEAR-AA; ZANEX FoundationThis aim of this meta-analysis is to explore the various contextual factors and design features that influence the magnitude of the effects reported in education impact studies. The meta-analysis investigates investors and policy-makers with a synthesis of 15 years of learning, in order to inform new programming, and improve efforts to address education challenges.
- ItemStaff of the African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF) Training Report(CLEAR-AA, 2017) CLEAR-AAThe course was delivered over five days (Monday to Friday) by two qualified and experienced M&E academics/facilitators using a combination of lecture, group work and practical exercises. The course made particular use of case studies to enhance and deepen learning. 1 Information on AATF programmes and projects source from http://www.aatf-africa.org/projects-programmes 2 Information sourced from AATF website (http://www.aatf-africa.org/about-us/governance/our-donors) 3 Performance Related Funding Indicators for Phase III of DFID support to the African Agricultural Technology Foundation. 4 Participants on CLEAR courses have been drawn from Botswana, Fiji, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, The Netherlands, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe 7 Drawing on the Centre’s tried and tested approach to adult learning, participants were encouraged to share prior knowledge of the subject and to engage in peer learning to ensure that the knowledge acquisition process was both rich and contextually relevant. The training was participatory and practical in nature utilising real case studies developed in advance by facilitators and informed by the profile of participants drawn from across a range of participating countries.
- Item2017 Annual Report(CLEAR-AA, 2017) CLEAR-AA2017 Annual Report
- Item2017 CSI Handbook – 20th Edition(Trialogue Publication, 2017)Chapter 4: Local and global perspectives Criteria for determining strategic CSI and a profile of the recipient of the Trialogue Strategic CSI Award 2017, insights from The Trialogue Business in Society Conference 2017, key findings from CSI research conducted in Ghana and Kenya, and trends in global corporate giving.
- ItemPRiME: Progress Index for Monitoring & Evaluation(CLEAR-AA, 2017) CLEAR-AAMonitoring and evaluation systems in Africa are growing rapidly, but it has been difficult to understand the nature of this growth. This is in part because there are so many different ways to understand the components of a monitoring and evaluation system, and much more research is needed to better understand the causal factors driving change. The Progress index is making a first attempt at grappling with these definitional elements, by beginning to systemically track progress around certain components of national monitoring and evaluation systems in key countries in the region. The Progress Index for Monitoring and Evaluation is designed to capture progress on the development of country monitoring and evaluation systems in selected countries within Africa.
- ItemETDP SETA Synthesis Report(CLEAR-AA, 2017) CLEAR-AAThe overall objective of this evaluation was to established the extent to which the ETDP SETA funded programmes implemented between 2011 and 2016 were effective. This means that the purpose of this evaluation was to determine whether the programme outcomes have been achieved, to assess the quality and relevance of the programmes and their efficiency. The first method of this evaluation applied in each phase was a graduate tracer study which sought to (a) locate graduates and establish from them the actual and perceived achievements of the programmes; and (b) determine what the outcome of the programmes have been for participants as well as the sectors where graduates are located. This evaluation was commissioned by the ETDP SETA for use in programme improvement, and to provide evidence toward policy recommendations in the future restructuring of the SETA.
- ItemThe six-sphere framework: A practical tool for assessing monitoring and evaluation systems(African Evaluation Journal, 2017) Kieron D., CrawleySuccessful evaluation capacity development (ECD) at regional, national and institutional levels has been built on a sound understanding of the opportunities and constraints in establishing and sustaining a monitoring and evaluation system. Diagnostics are one of the tools that ECD agents can use to better understand the nature of the ECD environment. Conventional diagnostics have typically focused on issues related to technical capacity and the ‘bridging of the gap’ between evaluation supply and demand. In so doing, they risk overlooking the more subtle organisational and environmental factors that lie outside the conventional diagnostic lens.
- ItemEmbracing Evaluative Thinking for Better Outcomes: Four NGO Case Studies(2017) CLEAR-AA; InterActionThis study would not exist without the contributions of many people. First, we must acknowledge the input of the international NGO participants at the Sub-Saharan Africa Practitioner Workshop on Evaluative Thinking and Evaluation Use, which was organized and facilitated by the African Evaluation Association (AfrEA), the Centre for Learning on Evaluation and Results for Anglophone Africa (CLEAR-AA), and InterAction in Accra, Ghana, December 10-12, 2013.
- ItemCity Power Training Report(CLEAR-AA, 2017-02) CLEAR-AACapacity building is generally provided to help organizations to develop their own capacity to better fulfil their core functions, and achieve their own mission. It requires in depth reflection on organization’s culture, values and vision. The City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality led by the Group Strategy Policy Communications and Relations (GSPCR) embarked on a city wide Monitoring and Evaluation capacity building programme which commenced in July 2016. This created some interest in the city as such private entities as ‘City Power’ wanted to go the same process with their staff (senior managers). Improve the organization’s overall performance and its ability to adapt itself within a changing context.