Browsing Conferences by Subject "Africa"
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ItemChallenges of building digital repositories in Africa: A case study of best practise(Dakar, Senegal, 2016-06-22) Bakhoum, NafissatouLibraries are known to promote change through individual and institutional capacity leading to quality, effectiveness and then to development. Information and knowledge, as a vehicle of power and wealth, are then likely to root out economic marginalization, inequalities, unemployment and other shortages the African continent is suffering. But, in spite of its outstanding scholarly and cultural heritage and huge progress made in ICT, it is striking that Africa is still lagging behind in the international scheme of knowledge production, which is conducting the world. Deficiencies in education, lack of innovation, of a wide professional militantism and of a strong political commitment are the main causes. African libraries, therefore become conscious that such weaknesses, instead of being experienced as an additional source of frustration can be turned into an impulse for innovative change. Even if federating exhaustively valuable African contents in a unique virtual space, has not already become a reality, some African scientific institutions step boldly forward in implementing programs to meet the huge challenge of digitizing scholarly contents and providing online access to them. They are struggling to break with a long period of gathering rich scientific materials, formerly shelved in libraries as treasures, in order to safeguard and valorize them. Then, building digital repositories and promoting open access in a context with limited resources has never been so relevant. They have proven efficient in providing technical infrastructure, quality-based and value-added solutions to the management of collections, especially in heritage libraries. The objective of this paper is to reinforce, through demonstration, the optimistic view consisting of believing that all is not bleak in Africa, and overcoming challenges depends on how being strategic in addressing core issues. It focuses on two points: 1. Challenges attached to the preservation and valorization of African scholarly contents; After presenting briefly the context of accumulation of scientific materials in Africa, namely in Afrique occidentale française (AOF), we focus on the benefit effects of digitizing African scholarly contents and how it can impact on the dissemination of research outputs and sustainable development. 2. Promoting access through a digital repository: a case study of best practice. This part is demonstrative and illustrates that some African academic institutions adapt to innovative change and develop capacities to build worth institutional repositories. This case study is from Institut fondamental d’Afrique noire Cheikh Anta Diop (FAN Ch A Diop). ItemCollaborrative Approcahes to Building Digital Repositories in Africa(Third International Conference on African Digital Libraries and Archives (ICADLA-3), 2016-06-21) Bwamkuu, Africa JWhile there is exponential growth of local generated intellectual output from Africa, remains are challenges to make the local content visible and available at the global level. By 29th January, 2013, out of 2256 repositories listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories (DOAR) at www.opendoar.org, only 60 repositories are in Africa, which is 2.66% of total repositories in DOAR. This statistics is consistent with many available studies which indicates that Africa’s’ contribution to the global knowledge is limited. The report released by Thomson Reuters on April 2010 also confirms that Africa's contribution to the global body of scientific research is very small and does little to benefit its own populations. With over 30 academic institutions that award bachelors, masters and PhD each year, Ethiopia faces the same challenges, make intellectual output accessible at the global level. Recognizing this fact, Ethiopian major actors in the educational field, in particular, the Consortium of Ethiopian Academic and Research Libraries (CEARL) and the National Education and Research Network of Ethiopia (EthERNet), have been actively exploring ways to address the challenge using the modern technology. CEARL, as content provider and EthERNet, as infrastructure operator, has been collaborating to unlock Ethiopian academic institutions’ knowledge using common digital repository. The collaboration is guided by Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that harmonizes individual institutional policy framework. The paper explores the collaborative approaches whereby individual institutions pooled together resources and at the same time, jointly engage international partners specifically the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP), the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), the African Digital Library Support Network (ADLSN) and the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) to bring about the national repository.