Carnivoran remains from the Malapa hominin site, South Africa.

Show simple item record Kuhn, B.F. Werdelin, L. Hartstone-Rose, A. Lacruz, R.S. Berger, L.R. 2016-09-12T09:33:02Z 2016-09-12T09:33:02Z 2011-11-03
dc.identifier.citation Kuhn, B.F. et al. 2011. Carnivoran remains from the Malapa hominin site, South Africa. PLoS ONE 6 (11): e26940. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.description.abstract Recent discoveries at the new hominin-bearing deposits of Malapa, South Africa, have yielded a rich faunal assemblage associated with the newly described hominin taxon Australopithecus sediba. Dating of this deposit using U-Pb and palaeomagnetic methods has provided an age of 1.977 Ma, being one of the most accurately dated, time constrained deposits in the Plio-Pleistocene of southern Africa. To date, 81 carnivoran specimens have been identified at this site including members of the families Canidae, Viverridae, Herpestidae, Hyaenidae and Felidae. Of note is the presence of the extinct taxon Dinofelis cf. D. barlowi that may represent the last appearance date for this species. Extant large carnivores are represented by specimens of leopard (Panthera pardus) and brown hyaena (Parahyaena brunnea). Smaller carnivores are also represented, and include the genera Atilax and Genetta, as well as Vulpes cf. V. chama. Malapa may also represent the first appearance date for Felis nigripes (Black-footed cat). The geochronological age of Malapa and the associated hominin taxa and carnivoran remains provide a window of research into mammalian evolution during a relatively unknown period in South Africa and elsewhere. In particular, the fauna represented at Malapa has the potential to elucidate aspects of the evolution of Dinofelis and may help resolve competing hypotheses about faunal exchange between East and Southern Africa during the late Pliocene or early Pleistocene. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship Research by LW is funded by the Swedish Research Council. AHR is supported by the Pennsylvania State University. The South African Department of Science and Technology, the South African National Research Foundation, the Palaeontological Scientific Trust (PAST), the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Africa Array Program, the United States Diplomatic Mission to South Africa, Duke University, the Ray A. Rothrock Fellowship of Texas A&M University, the Texas A&M Program to Enhance Scholarly and Creative Activities, the University of Zurich 2009 Field School, and Sir Richard Branson all provided substantial funding for the excavations and research conducted at Malapa. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.subject accuracy en_ZA
dc.subject Acinonyx jubatus en_ZA
dc.subject article en_ZA
dc.subject Atilax en_ZA
dc.subject Canidae en_ZA
dc.subject Carnivora en_ZA
dc.subject Crocuta crocuta en_ZA
dc.subject dentition en_ZA
dc.subject Dinofelis en_ZA
dc.subject Dinofelis barlowi en_ZA
dc.subject Dinofelis piveteaui en_ZA
dc.subject Felidae en_ZA
dc.subject Felis margarita en_ZA
dc.subject Felis nigripes en_ZA
dc.subject Felis silvestris en_ZA
dc.subject fossil hominin en_ZA
dc.subject Genetta en_ZA
dc.subject genus en_ZA
dc.subject mandible en_ZA
dc.subject measurement en_ZA
dc.subject Megantereon cultridens en_ZA
dc.subject Megantereon whitei en_ZA
dc.subject morphology en_ZA
dc.subject nonhuman en_ZA
dc.subject Panthera pardus en_ZA
dc.subject Parahyaena brunnea en_ZA
dc.subject radiometric dating en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa en_ZA
dc.subject taxonomy en_ZA
dc.subject Vulpes en_ZA
dc.subject animal en_ZA
dc.subject Carnivora en_ZA
dc.subject classification en_ZA
dc.subject fossil en_ZA
dc.subject species difference en_ZA
dc.title Carnivoran remains from the Malapa hominin site, South Africa. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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