Small-bodied humans from Palau, Micronesia.

Show simple item record Berger, L.R. De Klerk, B. Quinn, R.L. Churchill, S.E. 2016-09-12T13:37:21Z 2016-09-12T13:37:21Z 2008-03-12
dc.identifier.citation Berger, L.R. et al. 2008. Small-bodied humans from Palau, Micronesia. PLoS ONE 3(3): e1780. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.other DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001780
dc.description.abstract Newly discovered fossil assemblages of small bodied Homo sapiens from Palau, Micronesia possess characters thought to be taxonomically primitive for the genus Homo. Background: Recent surface collection and test excavation in limestone caves in the the rock islands of Palau, Micronesia, has produced a sizeable sample of human skeletal remains dating roughly between 940-2890 cal ybp. Principle Findings: Preliminary analysis indicates that this material is important for two reasons. First, Individuals from the older time horizons are small in body size even relative to "pygmoid" populations from Southeast Asia and Indonesia, and thus may represent a marked case of human insular dwarfism. Second, while possessing a number of derived features that align them with Homo sapiens, the human remains from Palau also exhibit several skeletal traits that are considered to be primitive for the genus Homo. Significance. These features may be previously unrecognized developmental correlates of small body size and, if soo, they may have important implications for interpreting the taxonomic affinities of fossil specimens of Homo. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship National Geographic Society Missions Programme and University of the Witwatersrand and BHP Billiton. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.subject age determination en_ZA
dc.subject anthropology en_ZA
dc.subject anthropometric parameters en_ZA
dc.subject article en_ZA
dc.subject body size en_ZA
dc.subject bone age en_ZA
dc.subject brain size en_ZA
dc.subject controlled study en_ZA
dc.subject craniofacial morphology en_ZA
dc.subject dwarfism en_ZA
dc.subject Federated States of Micronesia en_ZA
dc.subject fossil human en_ZA
dc.subject human en_ZA
dc.subject human tissue en_ZA
dc.subject Indonesia en_ZA
dc.subject paleontology en_ZA
dc.subject physical development en_ZA
dc.subject skeleton en_ZA
dc.subject Southeast Asia en_ZA
dc.subject taxonomy en_ZA
dc.subject anthropometry en_ZA
dc.subject comparative study en_ZA
dc.subject female en_ZA
dc.subject fossil en_ZA
dc.subject geography en_ZA
dc.subject male en_ZA
dc.title Small-bodied humans from Palau, Micronesia. en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA

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