Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

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dc.contributor.author Berger, L.R.
dc.contributor.author Hawks, J.
dc.contributor.author Dirks, P.H.G.M.
dc.contributor.author Elliott, M.
dc.contributor.author Roberts, E.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-09T14:16:36Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-09T14:16:36Z
dc.date.issued 2017-05
dc.identifier.citation Berger, L.R. et al. 2017. Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa. eLife 6; Article number e24234 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 2050-084X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/22465
dc.description.abstract New discoveries and dating of fossil remains from the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa, have strong implications for our understanding of Pleistocene human evolution in Africa. Direct dating of Homo naledi fossils from the Dinaledi Chamber (Berger et al., 2015) shows that they were deposited between about 236 ka and 335 ka (Dirks et al., 2017), placing H. naledi in the later Middle Pleistocene. Hawks and colleagues (Hawks et al., 2017) report the discovery of a second chamber within the Rising Star system (Dirks et al., 2015) that contains H. naledi remains. Previously, only large-brained modern humans or their close relatives had been demonstrated to exist at this late time in Africa, but the fossil evidence for any hominins in subequatorial Africa was very sparse. It is now evident that a diversity of hominin lineages existed in this region, with some divergent lineages contributing DNA to living humans and at least H. naledi representing a survivor from the earliest stages of diversification within Homo. The existence of a diverse array of hominins in subequatorial comports with our present knowledge of diversity across other savanna-adapted species, as well as with palaeoclimate and paleoenvironmental data. H. naledi casts the fossil and archaeological records into a new light, as we cannot exclude that this lineage was responsible for the production of Acheulean or Middle Stone Age tool industries. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher eLife Sciences Publications Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017. Copyright Berger et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.subject Homo naledi en_ZA
dc.subject hominin en_ZA
dc.subject Africa en_ZA
dc.subject Pleistocene en_ZA
dc.subject Dinaledi Chamber en_ZA
dc.subject Rising Star cave en_ZA
dc.subject Hominin evolution en_ZA
dc.subject Cradle of Humankind en_ZA
dc.subject human evolution en_ZA
dc.subject SOUTH AFRICA en_ZA
dc.subject subequatorial en_ZA
dc.title Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 6 en_ZA
dc.journal.title eLife en_ZA
dc.description.librarian SP2017 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.7554/eLife.24234 en_ZA

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