Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects

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dc.contributor.author Armstrong, C.G.
dc.contributor.author Shoemaker, A.C.
dc.contributor.author McKechnie, I.
dc.contributor.author Ekblom, A.
dc.contributor.author Szabó, P.
dc.contributor.author Lane, P.J.
dc.contributor.author McAlvay, A.C.
dc.contributor.author Boles, O.J.
dc.contributor.author Walshaw, S.
dc.contributor.author Petek, N.
dc.contributor.author Gibbons, K.S.
dc.contributor.author Morales, E.Q.
dc.contributor.author Anderson, E.N.
dc.contributor.author Ibragimow, A.
dc.contributor.author Podruczny, G.
dc.contributor.author Vamosi, J.C.
dc.contributor.author Marks-Block, T.
dc.contributor.author LeCompte, J.K.
dc.contributor.author Awâsis, S.
dc.contributor.author Nabess, C.
dc.contributor.author Sinclair, P.
dc.contributor.author Crumley, C.L.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-18T14:02:23Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-18T14:02:23Z
dc.date.issued 2017-02
dc.identifier.citation Armstrong C.G. et al. 2017. Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects. PLoS ONE 12(2), Article number e0171883 en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 (Online)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10539/23280
dc.description.abstract This paper presents the results of a consensus-driven process identifying 50 priority research questions for historical ecology obtained through crowdsourcing, literature reviews, and in-person workshopping. A deliberative approach was designed to maximize discussion and debate with defined outcomes. Two in-person workshops (in Sweden and Canada) over the course of two years and online discussions were peer facilitated to define specific key questions for historical ecology from anthropological and archaeological perspectives. The aim of this research is to showcase the variety of questions that reflect the broad scope for historical-ecological research trajectories across scientific disciplines. Historical ecology encompasses research concerned with decadal, centennial, and millennial human-environmental interactions, and the consequences that those relationships have in the formation of contemporary landscapes. Six interrelated themes arose from our consensus-building workshop model: (1) climate and environmental change and variability; (2) multi-scalar, multi-disciplinary; (3) biodiversity and community ecology; (4) resource and environmental management and governance; (5) methods and applications; and (6) communication and policy. The 50 questions represented by these themes highlight meaningful trends in historical ecology that distill the field down to three explicit findings. First, historical ecology is fundamentally an applied research program. Second, this program seeks to understand longterm human-environment interactions with a focus on avoiding, mitigating, and reversing adverse ecological effects. Third, historical ecology is part of convergent trends toward transdisciplinary research science, which erodes scientific boundaries between the cultural and natural. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights © 2017 Armstrong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. en_ZA
dc.subject Canada en_ZA
dc.subject Case report en_ZA
dc.subject Climate en_ZA
dc.subject Community ecology en_ZA
dc.subject Applied research en_ZA
dc.subject Biodiversity en_ZA
dc.subject Consensus development en_ZA
dc.subject Crowdsourcing en_ZA
dc.subject Environmental change en_ZA
dc.subject Environmental management en_ZA
dc.subject Cultural anthropology en_ZA
dc.subject Ecology en_ZA
dc.subject Anthropology, Cultural en_ZA
dc.subject Biodiversity en_ZA
dc.subject Ecosystem en_ZA
dc.subject History, 20th Century en_ZA
dc.subject History, 21st Century en_ZA
dc.title Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 12 en_ZA
dc.journal.title PLoS ONE en_ZA
dc.description.librarian EM2017 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0171883 en_ZA
dc.citation.issue 2 en_ZA
dc.funder The Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE) research network, the Department of Archaeol ogy and Ancient History at Uppsala University, the Mind and Nature research node at Uppsala Univers ity, the SFU Faculty of Environme nt, Sustainabi lity Simon Fraser University , and the office of the Vice-Presi dent, Academic and Provost of Simon Fraser University. en_ZA


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