Sexual history taking: doctors’ clinical decision-making in primary care in the North West province, South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Pretorius, Deidre
dc.contributor.author Couper, Ian D
dc.contributor.author Mlambo, Motlatso G.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-04T13:03:54Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-04T13:03:54Z
dc.date.issued 2021-09-29
dc.identifier.citation Pretorius D, Couper ID, Mlambo MG. Sexual history taking: Doctors’ clinical decision-making in primary care in the north west province, south africa. Afr J Prm Health Care Fam Med. 2021;13(1):a2985. DOI: 10.4102/phcfm.v13i1.2985. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn (Online) 2071-2936
dc.identifier.issn (Print) 2071-2928
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10539/31614
dc.description.abstract Background: Clinical reasoning is an important aspect of making a diagnosis for providing patient care. Sexual dysfunction can be as a result of cardiovascular or neurological complications of patients with chronic illness, and if a patient does not raise a sexual challenge, then the doctor should know that there is a possibility that one exists and enquire. Aim: The aim of this research study was to assess doctors’ clinical decision-making process with regards to the risk of sexual dysfunction and management of patients with chronic illness in primary care facilities of the North West province based on two hypothetical patient scenarios. Setting: This research study was carried out in 10 primary care facilities in Dr Kenneth Kaunda health district, North West province, a rural health district. Methods: This vignette study using two hypothetical patient scenarios formed part of a broader grounded theory study to determine whether sexual dysfunction as comorbidity formed part of the doctors’ clinical reasoning and decision-making. After coding the answers, quantitative content analysis was performed. The questions and answers were then compared with standard answers of a reference group. Results: One of the doctors (5%) considered sexual dysfunction, but failed to follow through without considering further exploration, investigations or management. For the scenario of a female patient with diabetes, the reference group considered cervical health questions (p = 0.001) and compliance questions (p = 0.004) as standard enquiries, which the doctors from the North West province failed to consider. For the scenario of a male patient with hypertension and an ex-smoker, the reference group differed significantly by expecting screening for mental health and vision (both p = 0.001), as well as for HIV (p < 0.001). The participating doctors did not meet the expectations of the reference group. Conclusion: Good clinical reasoning and decision-making are not only based on knowledge, intuition and experience but also based on an awareness of human well-being as complex and multidimensional, to include sexual well-being. en_ZA
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.publisher AOSIS en_ZA
dc.rights CC Attribution 4.0 en_ZA
dc.subject Sexual dysfunction en_ZA
dc.subject Hypertension en_ZA
dc.subject Diabetes en_ZA
dc.subject Primary Health Care en_ZA
dc.title Sexual history taking: doctors’ clinical decision-making in primary care in the North West province, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Article en_ZA
dc.journal.volume 13 en_ZA
dc.journal.title African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine en_ZA
dc.description.librarian LTM2021 en_ZA
dc.citation.doi 10.4102/phcfm.v13i1.2985 en_ZA
dc.funder Wits Open Access Publishing Fund en_ZA
dc.journal.issue 1 en_ZA
dc.article.start-page a2985 en_ZA
dc.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.school School of Clinical Medicine en_ZA


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